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Clarence Edwin Ayres, 1891-1972

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Clarence Edwin Ayres was born in Lowell, Massachusetts on 6 May 1891. He received his Ph.D. in philosophy from the University of Chicago in 1917. He taught at the University of Chicago for three years before moving on to Amherst College and Reed College, and then he joined the Department of Economics at the University of Texas in 1930. He retired in 1968 and died in Alamogordo, New Mexico, on 24 July 1972.

He went to Chicago to study the pragmatic approach to values and social systems, and economic theory of institutionalism which Thorstein Veblen had founded there. A staunch advocate of John Dewey's philosophy, Ayres developed his own powerful critique of unrestrained capitalism. As a leading member of the Texas school of institutionalism, Ayres was one of the most prominent economists of his generation.

Read Mark Smith's biography of Ayres at the Handbook of Texas Online.


Texas Economics Department in 1955

The Economics Department at the University of Texas at Austin, 1955.
From left to right seated: Robert H. Montgomery, Clarence Alton Wiley, Clarence Edwin Ayres, Wendell C. Gordon, Ruth A. Allen, Edward Everett Hale and Eastin Nelson. From left to right standing: C. P. Blair, Stephen L. McDonald, Carey C. Thompson, Donald McClung, Matthew Jonas,and Frederic Meyers.

Further Reading

Science and Ceremony: The Institutional Economics of C. E. Ayres, eds. William Breit and W. P. Culbertson, Jr. Austin: The University of Texas Press, 1976.

"The Ayresian Legacy" by James Ronald Stanfield and Jacqueline Bloom Stanfield, in Economic Mavericks: The Texas Institutionalists, edited by Ronnie J. Phillips. Greenwich, Conn.: JAI Press, 1995.


Websites about Ayres


Deposits of Ayres's Papers

Clarence Edwin Ayres Papers at the Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.


Clarence Edwin Ayres: A Bibliography of Publications

by John R. Shook


The Nature of the Relationship between Ethics and Economics. Dissertation, University of Chicago, 1917.

Science: The False Messiah. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1927. Reprinted, New York: Augustus M. Kelley, 1973.

Holier Than Thou: The Way of the Righteous. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1929. Reprinted with Science: The False Messiah in one volume, New York: Augustus M. Kelley, 1973.

Huxley. New York: W. W. Norton, 1929.

The Problem of Economic Order. New York: Farrar and Rinehart, 1938.

The Theory of Economic Progress. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1944.

The Divine Right of Capital. Boston: Houghton Miffin, 1946.

The Industrial Economy: Its Technological Basis and Institutional Destiny. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1952.

Toward a Reasonable Society: The Values of Industrial Civilization. Austin: University of Texas Press., 1961.

The Theory of Economic Progress, 2nd ed. New York: Schocken Books, 1962.


"Review of Scott Nearing, Poverty and Riches." International Journal of Ethics 27.4 (July 1917): 531-532.

"The Function and Problems of Economic Theory," Journal of Political Economy 26.1 (January 1918): 69-90.

"Review of Will Durant, Philosophy and the Social Problem." American Journal of Sociology 23.4 (January 1918): 544-545.

"The Epistemological Significance of Social Psychology." Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 15.2 (17 January 1918): 35-44.

"The New Era of Fruitfulness in Ethical Thinking." International Journal of Ethics 28.3 (April 1918): 373-392.

"Review of Leon C. Marshall, ed., Readings in Industrial Society, and J. M. Clark, W. H. Hamilton, and H. G. Moulton, eds., Readings in the Economics of War." International Journal of Ethics 29.2 (January 1919): 242-243.

"Review of Bertrand Russell, Proposed Roads to Freedom." Journal of Political Economy 27.4 (April 1919): 325-326.

"Review of J. W. Scott, Syndicalism and Philosophical Realism." American Journal of Sociology 25.1 (July 1919): 81-82.

"Thomas Hobbes and the Apologetic Philosophy." Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 16.18 (28 August 1919): 477-486.

"Review of Stephen Leacock, The Unsolved Riddle of Social Justice." Journal of Political Economy 28.5 (May 1920): 439-440.

"Review of Hugh Elliot, Modern Science and Materialism." American Journal of Sociology 26.2 (September 1920): 249-250.

"Review of H. B. Van Wesep, The Control of Ideals: A Contribution to the Study of Ethics." American Journal of Sociology 27.1 (July 1921): 101-104.

"Instinct and Capacity -- I: The Instinct of Belief-in-Instincts." Journal of Philosophy 18.21 (13 October 1921): 561-565.

"Instinct and Capacity -- II: Homo Domesticus." Journal of Philosophy 18.22 (27 October 1921): 600-606.

"A Parable of Politeness." New Republic (24 January 1922): 230-231.

"John Dewey: Naturalist." New Republic (4 April 1923): 158-160.

"Sampler Psychology," New Republic (13 June 1923): 77-78.

"The New Spiritualism." New Republic (11 July 1923): 184-185.

"Matter Enough!" New Republic (29 August 1923): 26.

"Pragmatic Sentiments." New Republic (12 December 1923): 72-74.

"Behind Coolidge: Butler." New Republic (18 June 1924): 96-98.

"The Scholar's Homily." New Republic (2 July 1924): 164-165.

"The Best Kept Secret." New Republic (23 July 1924): 249-250.

"Review of John Dewey, Human Nature and Conduct." Journal of Philosophy 19.17 (17 August 1922): 469-475.

"Papini Finito." New Republic (6 August 1924): 303-304.

"A Halo for Coronet." New Republic (20 August 1924): 365-366.

"Nostr' Omo." New Republic (27 August 1924): 391.

"Education by Celebrity." New Republic (3 September 1924): 16-18.

"Hush! It's Butler!" New Republic (10 September 1924): 48. Reprinted in The New Republic Anthology: 1915-1935, ed. Groff Conklin (New York: Dodge, 1936), pp. 216-219.

"Pro Bono Nordico." New Republic (15 October 1924): 181-182.

"Scholz of Reed." New Republic (22 October 1924): 197-199.

"The Father of Schoolmasters." New Republic (29 October 1924): 229.

"Selectivity and Amplification." New Republic (12 November 1924): 276.

"The Drama of Intelligence." New Republic (19 November 1924): 300.

"My Stick, Please." New Republic (26 November 1924): 21.

"A People's Houses." New Republic (10 December 1924): 7-8.

"Freudianalysis." New Republic (17 December 1924): 98-99.

"What Science Warrants." New Republic (24 December 1924): 123-124.

"Introducing Intelligence." New Republic (31 December 1924): 150-151.

"The Mystery of Religion." New Republic (7 January 1925): 178-179.

"Idealism on Demand." New Republic (14 January 1925): 203-204.

"Gypsy Anthropology." New Republic (21 January 1925): 235-236.

"The College of Money-Changing." New Republic (4 February 1925): 250-252, 280-283.

"Philosophy: And This Was All the Harvest." New Republic (4 February 1925): 11.

"Psychology Comes of Age." New Republic (11 February 1925): 316-317.

"Our Changing Monogamy." New Republic (18 February 1925): 343.

"Demi-Mondaine Science." New Republic (25 February 1925): 23-24.

"The Compleat Conservative." New Republic (4 March 1925): 46-47.

"The Egyptian Theory." New Republic (25 March 1925): 128.

"Philosophy Au Naturel." New Republic (25 March 1925): 129-131.

"The Human Aspect of Science." New Republic (15 April 1925): 14-15.

"47 at Yale." New Republic (20 May 1925): 337-339.

"The Liquidation of Psychology." New Republic (29 April 1925): 270-271.

"Main Themes and Criticism." New Republic (6 May 1925): 296-297.

"The Shall to Believe." New Republic (13 May 1925): 322-323.

"Rolling Mark Hopkins's Log." New Republic (20 May 1925): 347-348.

"Grooming the Universe." New Republic (27 May 1925): 24-25.

"Mrs. Austin's Genius." New Republic (3 June 1925): 53-54.

"The Cambridge Fallacy." New Republic (10 June 1925): 80-81.

"Our Aesthetic Shame." New Republic (17 June 1925): 105-106.

"Watson Explains Watson." New Republic (8 July 1925): 185-186.

"A Clinical Thermometer." New Republic (5 August 1925): 298-299.

"Reading for Effect." New Republic (26 August 1925): 23-25.

"Truant House." New Republic (2 September 1925): 41-42.

"The Truth about Nature." New Republic (9 September 1925): 75-76.

"On the Firing Line of Science." New Republic (28 October 1925): 260-261.

"The New Higher Criticism." New Republic (9 December 1925): 85-86.

"Men, Flies and Statistics." New Republic (13 January 1926): 223-224.

"Abroad in Christianity." New Republic (27 January 1926): 276-277.

"Dayton's Aftermath." New Republic (12 May 1926): 378-380.

"The Great Modem Omniscience." New Republic (2 June 1926): 65-66.

"What Professors Think." New Republic (4 August 1926): 312-313.

"For Hammock Consumption Only." New Republic (1 September 1926): 49-50.

"When and If." New Republic (27 October 1926): 276-277.

"The Ordeal of History." New Republic (10 November 1926): 330-331.

"Psychology Is Called to Order." New Republic (5 January 1927): 200-201.

"An Intellectual Genius." New Republic (13 April 1927): 227-228.

"God, by Grace of Church." New Republic (4 May 1927): 307-308.

"Huxley and Huxley." New Republic (29 June 1927): 155-156.

"An Outmoded Classic." New Republic (6 July 1927): 182.

"Back to Locke!" New Republic (27 July 1927): 247-249.

"The Saga of Science." New Republic (3 August 1927): 286-287.

"A Scientist Off Duty." New Republic (17 August 1927): 338.

"Gog, Magog and Evolution." New Republic (7 September 1927): 76.

"Personalism." New Republic (23 November 1927): 24.

"Scientific Gossip." New Republic (30 November 1927): 52-53.

"The Facts of Life." New Republic (14 December 1927): 105-107.

"The Quixotic Saint," New Republic (11 January 1928): 219-220.

"Mr. Russell Recapitulates." New Republic (18 January 1928): 250-251.

"Science and Life." Religious Education 23 (February 1928): 99-108.

"The Gospel According to Darwin." New Republic (7 March 1928): 100-101.

"Pale, Sickly Thought." Bookman 68 (1928): 681-683.

"A Critique of Pure Science." In Essays in Philosophy by Seventeen Doctors of Philosophy in the University of Chicago, ed. Thomas V. Smith and William K. Wright. Chicago: Open Court Publishing Co., 1929), pp. ??

"Why We Believe." New Republic (22 May 1929): 47-48.

"A Gad-Fly." New Republic (19 June 1929): 132.

"Henry Was Right." Bookman 69 (1929): 84-87.

"Who Owns Middletown?" New Republic (21 August 1929): 8-10.

"A Preface to Culture." New Republic (18 December 1929): 109-110.

"Domesticity." In The New Generation: The Intimate Problems of Modem Parents and Children, eds. V. F. Calverton and Samuel D. Schmalhausen (New York: Macaulay Co., 1930), pp. 365-401.

"Philosophy and Genius." Review of John Dewey, Characters and Events, ed. Joseph Ratner. International Journal of Ethics 40.2 (January 1930): 263-271.

"Review of John Dewey, The Quest for Certainty." International Journal of Ethics 40.3 (April 1930): 425-433.

"Whither Bound?" In Economic Behavior: An Institutional Approach, by members of the Department of Economics, Washington Square College, New York University, ed. Willard E. Atkins (Boston: Houghton Muffin, 1931), vol. 2, pp. 475-504.

"The Lion and the Lamb." Forum 86 (August 1931): 124-128.

"The Irony of Science." Forum 86 (September 1931): 160-166.

"Review of James W. Thompson, Economic and Social History of Europe in the Later Middle Ages, 1300-1530." American Economic Review 22.2 (June 1932): 282-284.

"Review of A. H. Abbati, The Economic Lessons of 1929-1931: The First Eleven Bulletins of the Unclaimed Wealth Utilization Committee of Geneva." American Economic Review 23.1 (March 1933): 110-112.

"The Basis of Economic Statesmanship." American Economic Review 23.2 (June 1933): 200-216.

"Review of Frederick L. Nussbaum, A History of the Economic Institutions of Modern Europe." Southwestern Social Science Quarterly 15 (June 1934): 84-85.

"Values: Ethical and Economic." International Journal of Ethics 44.4 (July 1934): 452-454.

"The Gospel of Technology." In American Philosophy Today and Tomorrow, eds. Horace Kallen and Sidney Hook (New York: Lee Furman, 1935), pp. 24-42.

"Moral Confusion in Economics." International Journal of Ethics 45.2 (January 1935):170-199.

"Confusion Thrice Confounded." International Journal of Ethics 45.3 (April 1935): 356-358.

"Review of Daniel Hall et al., The Frustration of Science." International Journal of Ethics 46.2 (January 1936): 241-242.

"Fifty Years' Developments in Ideas of Human Nature and Motivation." American Economic Review 26.1, Supplement, Papers and Proceedings of the Forty-eighth Annual Meeting of the American Economic Association (March 1936): 224-236.

"The Ethics of Competition." Review of F. H. Knight, Ethics of Competition. International Journal of Ethics 46.3 (April 1936): 364-370.

"The Organization of the Government's Consumer Services." Unpublished memorandum for the Consumers Division of the NRA. Washington, D.C., September 1936.

"Middletown Comes Clean." Southern Review 3.1 (Summer 1937): 39-50.

"The Grand Tradition." Review of What Man Has Made of Man, by Mortimer J. Adler. New Republic (16 February 1938): 52.

"Dewey: Master of the Commonplace." New Republic 97 (18 January 1939): 303-306. Reprinted with minor revisions as "Dewey and His 'Studies in Logical Theory'," in Books that Changed Our Minds, ed. Malcolm Cowley and Bernard Smith (New York: Doubleday, Doran and Co., 1939. Rpt., Freeport, New York: Books for Libraries Press, 1970), pp. 111-126.

"Talking of Cities." Southern Review 4.2 (Autumn 1939): 227-234.

"The Principles of Economic Strategy." Southern Economic Journal 5.4 (April 1939): 460-470.

"Philosophic Garland." Review of Intelligence in the Modern World, by John Dewey. New Republic (17 May 1939): 51-52.

"America and the Next War." Forum (14 June 1939): 149.

"The Wealth of Nations." Southwestern Social Science Quarterly 21.1 (June 1940): 1-9.

"The Conference in Review." In Proceedings of the Conference on Consumer Credit, November 1940.

"The Economics of the Total State." Southwestern Social Science Quarterly 22 (September 1941): 107-115.

"Review of K. N. Llewellyn and E. Adamson Hoebel, The Cheyenne Way: Conflict and Case Law in Primitive Jurisprudence." Yale Law Journal (March 1942): ??

"The Economic Essentials of a Lasting Peace." The Emancipator 4.8-9 (April-May 1942): ??

"Economic Value and the Scientific Synthesis." American Journal of Economics and Sociology 1 (July 1942): 343-360.

"Review of John U. Nef, The United States and Civilization." American Economic Review 32.4 (December 1942): 867-869.

"The Significance of Economic Planning." In The Development of Collective Enterprise, edited by Seba Eldridge (Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 1943), pp. 460-481.

"Capitalism in Retrospect." Southern Economic Journal 9.4 (April 1943): 293-301.

"The Path of Progress." Southwest Review 28.3 (Spring 1943): 229-244.

"Technology and Progress." Antioch Review 3.1 (Spring 1943): 6-20. Reprinted in Antioch Review Anthology,
ed. Paul Bixler (Cleveland: World Publishing Co., 1953), pp. 349-362.

"Economic Essentials of a Lasting Peace." Southwestern Social Science Quarterly 24 (June 1943): 68-79.

"The Twilight of the Price System." Antioch Review 3.2 (Summer 1943): 162-181.

"Review of Frank D. Graham, Social Goals and Economic Institutions." Journal of Legal and Political Sociology 3 (April 1944): ??

"Review of Arnold S. Nash, The University and the Modern World." Ethics 54.4 (July 1944): 301-303.

"Academic Freedom in Texas." New Republic (4 December 1944): 740-742.

"Ordeal of the Social Sciences: Reply to D. L. Miller." Southwestern Social Science Quarterly 25.4 (March 1945): 247-257.

"What's the Matter with Texas?" New Republic (3 September 1945): 275-277.

"Addendum to The Theory of Economic Progress." American Economic Review 35.5 (December 1945): 937-942.

"The Impact of the Great Depression on Economic Thinking," American Economic Review 36.2, Papers and Proceedings of the Fifty-eighth Annual Meeting of the American Economic Association (May 1946): 112-125.

"The Bases for a Limited Capitalism." Antioch Review 6.1 (Spring 1946): 17-31.

"Review of Joseph Dorfman, The Economic Mind in American Civilization, vols. 1-2, 1606-1865." Yale Law Journal 55 (June 1946): 855-858.

"Review of John S. Gambs, Beyond Supply and Demand: A Reappraisal of Institutional Economics." Political Science Quarterly 61.3 (September 1946): 437-439.

"Freedom Means Planning." New Leader (4 January 1947).

Review of James Burnham, The Struggle for the World." The Texas Spectator (5 May 1947).

"Are Professors Dangerous?" Southwest Review 32.1 (Winter 1947): 8-15.

"Free Market or Free Men?" University Observer 1.1 (Winter 1947): ??

"The New Economics." Southwest Review 33 (Summer 1948): 223-232.

"Review of Albert Lauterbach, Economic Security and Individual Freedom: Can We Have Both?" Journal of Political Economy 56.6 (December 1948): 544-545.

"The Value Economy." In Value: A Cooperative Inquiry, ed. Ray Lepley (New York: Columbia University
Press, 1949), pp. ?? Also contains criticisms and rejoinders by Ayres.

"Land of the Free Ride." American Quarterly 1.1 (Spring 1949): 38-43.

"Review of Walter Adams and Leland E. Traywick, eds., Readings in Economics." Journal of Political Economy 57.2 (April 1949): 176-177.

"Review of Joseph Dorfman, Economic Mind in American Civilization, vol. 3, 1865-1918." Saturday Review of Literature (23 April 1949): 19.

"Piecemeal Revolution." Southwestern Social Science Quarterly 30.1 (June 1949): 12-17.

"Instrumental Economics." New Republic 121.16 (17 October 1949): 18-20.

"The Industrial Way of Life." American Quarterly 1.4 (Winter 1949): 291-301.

"Review of C. Reinold Noyes, Economic Man in Relation to His Natural Environment." Virginia Quarterly Review (Winter 1949): ??

"Review of John T. Flynn, The Road Ahead." Saturday Review (3 December 1949): ??

"The Values of Social Scientists." Journal of Social Issues 6.4 (1950): 17-20.

"Review of Roy Lewis and Angus Maude, The English Middle Classes." Saturday Review (8 April 1950): ??

"Review of William A. Orton, The Economic Role of the State." Saturday Review (6 May 1950): ??

"Review of Seymour E. Harris, Economic Planning." Saturday Review, July 8, 1950

"Review of Willard R. Espy, Bold New Program." Saturday Review (16 September 1950): ??

"What Should Teachers Swear?" Southwest Review 25.4 (Autumn 1950): 240-248.

"Review of Benjamin A. Javits, Peace by Investment." Saturday Review (14 October 1950): ??

"Review of Stanley M. Daugert, The Philosophy of Thorstein Veblen." Journal of Political Economy 58.5 (October 1950): 451-452.

"Review of Bruce Bliven, Twentieth Century Unlimited." The New Leader (5 February 1951): ??

"Review of Anthony Barnett, The Human Species." The New Leader (19 March 1951): ??

"Review of Edwin G. Nourse, The Nineteen Fifties Come First." Saturday Review of Literature (7 April 1951): ??

"Review of Henry Hazlitt, The Great Idea." Saturday Review of Literature (14 April 1951): ??

"The Co-Ordinates of Institutionalism." American Economic Review 41.2, Papers and Proceedings of the Sixty-third Annual Meeting of the American Economic Association (May 1951): 47-55.

"Review of Richard C. Maxwell and Stefan A. Riesenfeld, Modern Social Legislation." Texas Law Review (June 1951): ??

"Review of Max Weber, General Economic History." The New Leader (4 June 1951 ): ??

"Economic Pioneer." Review of Beckoning Frontiers by Marriner S. Eccles. Saturday Review of Literature (14 July 1951): 18-19.

"Review of David Hulburd, This Happened in Pasadena." The New Leader (30 July 1951): ??

"Review of Stuart Chase, Roads to Agreement." The New Leader (27 August 1951): ??

"Review of Jesse H. Jones with Edward Angly, Fifty Billion Dollars." Saturday Review of Literature (17 November 1951): ??

"The Integration of Industrial Society." In The Cleavage in Our Culture: Studies in Scientific Humanism in Honor of Max Otto, ed. Frederick Burkhardt (Boston: Beacon Press, 1952), pp. 165-177.

"Review of John Kenneth Galbraith, American Capitalism." Saturday Review of Literature (12 April 1952): ??

"What the Citizen Needs to Know About Economics." Progressive Education 29.7 (May 1952): ??

"Review of Josué de Castro, The Geography of Hunger." The New Leader (19 May 1952): ??

"Review of John S. Gambs, Man, Money, and Goods." Saturday Review of Literature (6 September 1952): ??

"Creeping Socialism: A Worm's Eye View." Southwest Review 37.4 (Autumn 1952): 280-288.

"Review of Paul H. Douglas, Ethics in Government." The New Leader (22 December 1952): ??

"Review of A. L. Kroeber, The Nature of Culture." Ethics 63.3, Part 1 (April 1953): 217-218.

"The Treason of the Intellectuals." New Leader 36.17 (27 April 1953): ??

"The Role of Technology in Economic Theory." American Economic Review 43.2, Papers and Proceedings of the Sixty-fifth Annual Meeting of the American Economic Association (May 1953): 279-287.

"Review of Bruce Bliven, Preview for Tomorrow: The Unfinished Business of Science." The New Leader (8 June 1953): ??

"Review of Robert A. Dahl and Charles E. Lindblom, Politics, Economics and Welfare." The New Leader (14 September 1953): ??

"Dynamic Theorists at Work." Review of Roy F. Harrod, Economic Essays and Simon S. Kuznets, Economic Change: Selected Essays in Business Cycles, National Income, and Economic Growth. Saturday Review (19 September 1953): 27-28.

"Review of Harrison Brown, The Challenge of Man's Future." The New Leader (17 May 1954): ??

"Can Education Stay Secular?" New Leader 37.25 (21 June 1954): 21-23.

"The Core of Conservatism." New Leader 38.2 (10 January 1955): 18-20.

"The 'Security' Menace." Review of Government and Science, by Don K. Price. New Leader (31 January 1955): 28.

"The Secular Faith of Horace Kallen." New Leader (2 May 1955): 28.

"Review of Robert M. MacIver, The Pursuit of Happiness: A Philosophy for Modern Living." The New Leader (14 November 1955): ??

"Review of Horace Coon, Triumph of the Eggheads." The New Leader (5 December 1955): ??

"The Classical Tradition Versus Economic Growth." Southwestern Social Science Quarterly 36.4 (March 1956): 343-350.

"Review of James T. Shotwell, The United States in History." The New Leader (16 April 1956): ??

"Reply to Professor Ferguson." Southwestern Social Science Quarterly 37 (September 1956): 170.

"Review of Albert Guérard, Testament of a Liberal; C. Wright Mills, The Power Elite; and Joost A. M. Meerloo, The Rape of the Mind." The New Leader (3 September 1956): ??

Guides to Straight Thinking by Stuart Chase, in The New Leader, October 1, 1956

"The Pestilence of Moral Agnosticism." Southwest Review 42.2 (Spring 1957): 116-125.

"Institutional Economics: Discussion." American Economic Review 47.2, Papers and Proceedings of the Sixty-eighth Annual Meeting of the American Economic Association (May 1957): 26-27.

"Review of John Dos Passos, The Man Who Made the Nation, and Silas Bent McKinley, Woodrow Wilson: A Biography." The New Leader (5 August 1957): ??

"Review of Talcott Parsons and Neil J. Smelser, Economy and Society: A Study in the Integration of Economic and Social Theory." American Economic Review 47.5 (September 1957): 686-688.

"The Confict of Values." Colorado Quarterly 6.2 (Autumn 1957): 178-187.

"Veblen's Theory of Instincts Reconsidered." In Thorstein Veblen: A Critical Reappraisal, edited by Douglas F. Dowd (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1958), pp. ??

"Further Explorations in Monopolistic-Competitive Price Theory: Discussion." American Economic Review 48
(May 1958): 486-488.

"Review of Paul Kecskemeti, Strategic Surrender." The New Leader (30 June 1958): ??

"Larger Forces of Learning." Review of Human Resources: The Wealth of A Nation by Eli Ginzberg. Saturday Review of Literature (5 July 1958): 12-13.

"Review of Abram L. Harris, Economics and Social Reform." Ethics 69.1 (October 1958): 64-67.

"Economics-Philosophical Background." In Collier's Encyclopedia, (1959) 8:540-541. Reprinted in 1972 edition.

"Excellence in an Industrial Society." Southwest Review 44.2 (Spring 1959): 139-149. Reprinted in The Executive 3.3 (August 1959): ??.

"The Peril of the Social Sciences." The Graduate Journal 2.1 (Spring 1959): 109-114.

"Review of Barbara Ward, Five Ideas That Change the World." The New Leader (11 May 1959): ??

"The Industrial Way of Life." Texas Quarterly 2.2 (Summer 1959): 1-19.

Review of Arnold J. Toynbee, Hellensim: The History of a Civilization." The New Leader (7 September 1959): ??

"Economic History and Economic Development: Comments on Professor Goodrich's Paper." In Economic Growth: Rationale, Problems, Cases, ed. Eastin Nelson (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1960), pp. 211-214.

"Hamilton: Impulse and Paradox." Review of Alexander Hamilton: Portrait in Pardon, by John C. Miller. New Leader (7 March 1960): 17-18.

"Review of Harold F. Williamson and Arnold R. Daum, The American Petroleum Industry: The Age of Illumination." Journal of Southern History (May 1960): ??

"Institutionalism and Economic Development." Southwestern Social Science Quarterly 41.1 (June 1960): 45-62. Reprinted, Social Science Quarterly 50 (March 1970): 1037-1054.

"From a 'Classical' Liberal." Review of Friedrich A. Hayek, The Constitution of Liberty. The New Leader (20 June 1960): 26-28.

"Economic Progress and the American South." Economic Development and Cultural Change 9.2 (January 1961): 197-199.

"Review of Ludwig Von Mises, Epistemological Problems of Economics." Southern Economic Journal 28 (October 1961): 199-202.

"Foreword - 1962." The Theory of Economic Progress, 2nd ed. (New York: Schocken Books, 1962), pp. v-xxv.

"Reply." Southern Economic Journal 28 (April 1962): 387.

"Toward a Reasonable Society." The Executive 5.11 (April 1962): ??

"Review of Roderick Seidenberg, Anatomy of the Future." The Annals (July 1962): ??

"Review of Nathan Glazer, The Social Basis of American Communism." Journal of Southern History 28.3 (August 1962): 382-384.

"Review of Paul L. Dressel, Evaluation in Higher Education." Journal of Higher Education 33.7 (October 1962): 404-405.

"Review of Harvey Swados, A Radical's America." The New Leader (15 October 1962): ??

"The Legacy of Thorstein Veblen." In Institutional Economics: Veblen, Commons and Mitchell Reconsidered, by Joseph Dorfman et al. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1963), pp. ??.

Review of Ben B. Seligman, Main Currents in Modern Economics." Commentary (April 1963): ??

"Review of Thomas V. Smith, A Non-Existent Man: An Autobiography." Journal of Higher Education 34.6 (June 1963): 356-357.

"Review of Israel M. Kirzner, Market Theory and the Price System." American Economic Review 53.4 (September 1963): 755-756.

"Review of Lafayette G. Harter, Jr., John R. Commons: His Assault on Laissez-Faire." American Economic Review 53.4 (September 1963): 765-767.

"Reason and Unreason." The Graduate Journal 5.2 (Winter 1963): 280-300.

"Review of Edgar O. Edwards, The Nation's Economic Objectives." The Annals (November 1964): ??

"A Man, His Land, and His Work: Walter Prescott Webb." Contribution to a symposium. Graduate Journal 6.1 (Winter 1964): 51-55.

"Individualism -- or Something: A Plea for Verbal Pluralism." In Innocence and Power: Individualism in Twentieth Century America, ed. Gordon H. Mills (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1965), pp. ??.

"Nature and Man: The Emergence of the Social Sciences." In the University of Denver Centennial Symposium, The Responsible Individual and a Free Society in an Expanding Universe (Denver: Published for the University of Denver by Big Mountain Press, 1965), pp. ??.

"Review of William P. McEwen, The Problem of Social-Scientific Knowledge." Journal of Political Economy 73.3 (June 1965): 310-311.

"Science and Human Values." New Mexico Academy of Science Bulletin 6.2 (December 1965): ??

"Guaranteed Income: An Institutionalist View." In The Guaranteed Income: The Next Step in Economic Evolution? ed. Robert Theobald (Garden City, NY: Doubleday and Co., 1966), pp. 161-174.

"The Nature and Significance of Institutionalism." Antioch Review 26.1 (Spring 1966): 70-90. Reprinted in Non Dan (Seoul, Korea) 2.3 (Winter 1967): ??

"The Theory of Institutional Adjustment." Texas Quarterly 9 (Spring 1966): 125-136. Reprinted in Institutional Adjustment, ed. Carey C. Thompson (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1967), pp. ??

"Istota I Znaczenie Instytucjonalizmu." Tematy (Poland) 6.21 (Spring 1967): ??

"Ideological Responsibility." Journal of Economic Issues 1.1-2 (June 1967): 3-11.

"Foreword." To Economics of Dissent, by Ben B. Seligman (Chicago: Quadrangle Books, 1968), pp. ??.

"Review of R. M. Hartwell, The Causes of the Industrial Revolution in England." Journal of Economic Issues 2 (June 1968): 252-254.

"Some Reflections on Regionalism." Social Science Quarterly 49.1 (June 1968): 33-35.

"Communications." Journal of Economic Issues 2.3 (September 1968): ??

"The Price System and Public Policy." Journal of Economic Issues 2 (September 1968): 342-344.

"Review of C. E. Black, The Dynamics of Modernization: A Study in Comparative History and William Woodruff, The Impact of Western Man: A Study of Europe's Role in the World Economy, 1750-1960." Journal of Modern History 40.4 (December 1968): 573-576.

"Review of Carlton C. Qualey, Thorstein Veblen: The Carleton College Veblen Seminar Essays." Journal of Economic History 29.2 (June 1969): 386-387.

"Beyond the Market Economy: Building Institutions That Work." Social Science Quarterly 50.4 (March 1970): 1055-1057.

"The Place of the Market Economy in Institutional Thought." Social Science Quarterly 51.4 (March 1971): 995-996.

"Notes and Communications." Journal of Economic Issues 5.3 (September 1971): 96.

"Review of Gunnar Myrdal, The Challenge of World Poverty: A World Anti-Poverty Program in Outline." Political Science Quarterly 86.3 (September 1971): 549-550.

"Prolegomenon to Institutionalism." Preface to the reprint edition of Science: The False Messiah and Holier Than Thou: The Way of the Righteous (New York: Augustus M. Kelley, 1973), pp. iii-xii.